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Monthly Archives: November 2015

Continuous aspect – English grammar lesson and quiz

Maltalingua English language students in a lesson
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Let’s have a look at the continuous aspect:

Form

to be + -ing (present participle)

am playing

was watching

have been making

is getting

be working

Meaning

An aspect is the way something can be looked at or regarded. With verb forms, there are three aspects: simple, continuous, and perfect. This lesson focuses on the continuous aspect.

The continuous aspect looks at the action and its duration, rather than the result of the action. It suggests that the action has a temporary and limited duration.

It is rare for the continuous aspect to use verbs that describe feelings (hate, like, prefer, …), senses (hear, smell, see, …), or thoughts (believe, understand, think, …). We call these verbs “stative” or “state” verbs, because they speak about the state of a person or object.

Now test yourself by trying the quiz.

Use the correct form of the continuous aspect with the verbs and pronouns in the brackets to complete the sentence.

Example question: Is that the new computer game you ordered? _____________________ it? (you + enjoy)
Answer: Are you enjoying

1.


At 9 o’clock yesterday, I ___________________ on the train. (sit)

2.

When I came home, he _____________________. (sleep)

3.

I have to go! She _____________________ for me. (must + wait)

4.

Rob _____________________ all day last week. (hike)

5.

In January, I _____________________ at my brother’s again. (live)

6.

I _____________________ because I just fell off my bike! (cry)

7.

How long _____________________ there before they fired him? (he + work)

8.

What _____________________ since you graduated? (you + do)

9.

Who _____________________ to when I saw you? (you + talk)

10.

She _____________________ all morning, give her a break! (study)


 

Do you have any questions about the continuous aspect? Ask us in the comments!

 

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Restaurant words – English vocabulary lesson and quiz

English students enjoying a meal in a restaurant
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Everybody enjoys a good meal in a nice restaurant. Especially when we’re on holiday! These are some common words that we can use at a restaurant:

  1. Menu – a list of the food and drinks with the prices (it shows you what you can order)
  2. Chef – this person cooks your food (not a cooker!)
  3. Dish – food that is cooked / prepared in a special way
  4. Bill – the piece of paper with all the food and drink you ordered (you pay this after)
  5. Order – ask for food and drink (you tell this to the waiter / waitress)
  6. Tip – extra money for the service
  7. Waiter / waitress – he/she brings you the food and drink

Now try the quiz. Fill in the blanks with restaurant vocabulary.

Please go to Restaurant words – English vocabulary lesson and quiz to view this test

If you want to learn some shopping vocabulary try this lesson.

What was you score? Leave a comment to let us know. And if you have any questions about restaurant vocabulary you can ask them in the comments too!

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Second conditional – English grammar lesson and quiz

students learning about English Grammar third conditional
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Difficulty

Low Medium High
A1 A2 B1 B2 C1 C2

Let’s have a look at the form and meaning of the second conditional:

Form:

if + past tense + would + (without ‘to’)

If

Future condition

Future result

If

past tense

would + infinitive (without “to”)

If

I won the lottery,

I would buy a car.

If

James became rich,

she would marry him.

If

it snowed next July,

would you be surprised?

If

you came in the summer,

you could stay with us.

If

you came in the summer,

you might even get your own room.

If

she bought the villa,

she should build a swimming pool in it.

 

Future result

if

Future condition

would + infinitive (without ‘to’)

if

past tense

I would buy a car

if

I won the lottery.

She would marry him

if

he became rich.

Would you be surprised

if

it snowed next July?

You could stay with us

if

you came in the summer.

You might even get your own room

if

you came in the summer.

She should build a swimming pool in the villa

if

she bought it.

 

Note: Sometimes, we change would with should, could, or might.

 

Meaning:

We use the second conditional to express an unlikely connection between one imaginary event (if + past tense) and another imaginary event (would + infinitive [without ‘to’]). This conditional is known as the ‘hypothetical’ conditional, because it is used to talk about ‘impossible’ situations in the future. Therefore, we are using a past tense to speak about the future condition, and the would + infinitive (without ‘to’) to speak about the future result.

Use the following exercises to test yourself.

 

example – 1+2) If I were (be) you, I would get  (get) a new job. 

3+4) If he ______________  (be) younger, he ______________  (travel) more. 

5+6) If we ______________  (not/be) friends, I ______________  (be) angry with you. 

7+8) If I ______________  (have) enough money, I ______________  (buy) a big house. 

9+10) If she ______________  (not/be) always so late, she ______________  (be) promoted. 

11+12) If we ______________  (win) the lottery, we ______________  (travel) the world. 

13+14) If you ______________  (have) a better job, we ______________  (be) able to buy a new car. 

15+16) If I ______________  (speak) perfect English, I ______________  (have) a good job. 

17+18) If we ______________  (live) in Mexico, I ______________  (speak) Spanish.

19+20) If she ______________  (pass) the exam, she ______________  (be) able to enter university.

Please go to Second conditional – English grammar lesson and quiz to view this test

If you have any questions about the second conditional, please leave a comment below.

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Shopping list – Vocabulary lesson and quiz

clothes hangers in a shop
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When you are travelling, studying or working abroad it’s essential to be able go shopping. In many countries speaking English can really help you to buy what you want and get a good deal.

Learn some new vocabulary then complete the shopping list.

Study this shopping vocabulary:

jacket English-clothes-vocabulary-jacket English clothes vocabulary - jeans jeans
swimming costume English clothes vocabulary - swimming costume English shopping vocabulary - book book
t-shirt English clothes vocabulary - t-shirt English shopping vocabulary - headphones headphones
batteries English shopping vocabulary - batteries English shopping vocabulary - dictionary dictionary
sweater English clothes vocabulary - sweater English shopping vocabulary - magazine magazines

 

English vocabulary shopping list

Now complete the items in the shopping list.

Please go to Shopping list – Vocabulary lesson and quiz to view this test

What was your score? Leave a comment to let us know.

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What to do this November in Malta

The Queen of England smiling and wearing a yellow outfit with matching hat.
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November in Malta is all about discovering the outdoors. The weather at this time of the year is generally sunny with clouds, and some rainy periods on different occasions. With temperatures usually in the low 20s it is definitely warm enough for a walk or picnic in the Maltese country side.  Here is what you could get up to this month on the island of Malta.

Country side walks/trekking walking in malta

The islands of Malta date back for thousands of years, which makes walking in the country side a unique and yet historical experience. Walking or trekking in Malta could be done all along the northern-western coast as the land here is still barren and uninhabited. Places like Dingli, Rabat and Bahrija will offer the more adventurous and outdoorsy person a real insight into what Malta has to offer. This is our unique land structure, soil and rock formation, littered with historical artefacts such as old cart trucks, hundred year old fossils and even bomb fragments.

Sightseeingjeep tour

If you wish to discover the islands further you could also make use of the sightseeing busses that various bus companies offer. These hop on hop off busses give you the opportunity to stop at different intervals and discover the particular area in your own time. There are different tours which are on offer usually the northern tour, southern tour and also a Gozo tour.

One could also discover the island of Gozo by jeep safari tours or even the more adventurous quad tours, which will give you a sense of freedom driving around the small Gozitan roads and valleys.

Night lifeelectro swing malta

Of course in Malta, nightlife and parties are never far away. This November we have the very well-known Electro-Swing Malta producing another incredible party with the name Around the World in 80 Days. This will be held on the 7th of November.

We also have Don Ross; the legendary Canadian guitarist will be coming back to Malta for another night of acoustic guitar excellence! He will be performing at the City Theatre in Valletta also on the 7th of November.

Malta International Organ Festival

The Malta International Organ Festival logoBoth music aficionados and culture vultures won’t want to miss the Malta International Organ Festival 2015. Some of the greatest organ players in the world (including the Vatican’s own Gianluca Libertucci) will be enthralling crowds across Malta this November and December.

The schedule includes 16 concerts starting with the opening concert in Valletta on the 19th of November and ending with the grand finale on the 7th December , also in Valletta.

The Queen of England smiling and wearing a yellow outfit with matching hat.See the Queen of England
The Queen of England will be visiting Malta at the end of November for the Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting. She and her husband, Prince Philip the Duke of Edinburgh, will be given a ceremonial welcome at St George’s Square by the President of Malta on Thursday the 26th of November.

Both visitors to Malta and locals will no doubt be out in huge numbers to welcome the iconic monarch, likely the most famous lady in the world.  

You can read more about the English Royal Family’s visit to Malta here.

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